Here is an detail of the ShellExecuteA Function, unfortunately I do not have the values for the Constant values but I guess they can be found on the INternet.
Hope this helps.
The ShellExecute function opens or prints a specified file. The file can be an executable file or a document file. See ShellExecuteEx also.
hwnd Specifies a parent window. This window receives any message boxes that an application produces. For example, an application may report an error by producing a message box.
lpOperation Pointer to a null-terminated string that specifies the operation to perform. The following operation strings are valid:
"open" The function opens the file specified by lpFile. The file can be an executable file or a document file. The file can be a folder to open.
"print" The function prints the file specified by lpFile. The file should be a document file. If the file is an executable file, the function opens the file, as if “open” had been specified.
"explore" The function explores the folder specified by lpFile.
The lpOperation parameter can be NULL. In that case, the function opens the file specified by lpFile.
lpFile Pointer to a null-terminated string that specifies the file to open or print or the folder to open or explore. The function can open an executable file or a document file. The function can print a document file.
lpParameters If lpFile specifies an executable file, lpParameters is a pointer to a null-terminated string that specifies parameters to be passed to the application.
If lpFile specifies a document file, lpParameters should be NULL.
lpDirectory Pointer to a null-terminated string that specifies the default directory.
nShowCmd If lpFile specifies an executable file, nShowCmd specifies how the application is to be shown when it is opened. This parameter can be one of the following values:
SW_HIDE Hides the window and activates another window.
SW_MAXIMIZE Maximizes the specified window.
SW_MINIMIZE Minimizes the specified window and activates the next top-level window in the Z order.
SW_RESTORE Activates and displays the window. If the window is minimized or maximized, Windows restores it to its original size and position.
An application should specify this flag when restoring a minimized window.
SW_SHOW Activates the window and displays it in its current size and position.
SW_SHOWDEFAULT Sets the show state based on the SW_ flag specified in the STARTUPINFO structure passed to the CreateProcess function by the program that started the application.
An application should call ShowWindow with this flag to set the initial show state of its main window.
SW_SHOWMAXIMIZED Activates the window and displays it as a maximized window.
SW_SHOWMINIMIZED Activates the window and displays it as a minimized window.
SW_SHOWMINNOACTIVE Displays the window as a minimized window. The active window remains active.
SW_SHOWNA Displays the window in its current state. The active window remains active.
SW_SHOWNOACTIVATE Displays a window in its most recent size and position. The active window remains active.
SW_SHOWNORMAL Activates and displays a window. If the window is minimized or maximized, Windows restores it to its original size and position.
An application should specify this flag when displaying the window for the first time.
If lpFile specifies a document file, nShowCmd should be zero.
If the function succeeds, the return value is the instance handle of the application that was run, or the handle of a dynamic data exchange (DDE) server application.
If the function fails, the return value is an error value that is less than or equal to 32. The following table lists these error values:
0 The operating system is out of memory or resources.
ERROR_FILE_NOT_FOUND The specified file was not found.
ERROR_PATH_NOT_FOUND The specified path was not found.
ERROR_BAD_FORMAT The .EXE file is invalid (non-Win32 .EXE or error in .EXE image).
SE_ERR_ACCESSDENIED The operating system denied access to the specified file.
SE_ERR_ASSOCINCOMPLETE The filename association is incomplete or invalid.
SE_ERR_DDEBUSY The DDE transaction could not be completed because other DDE transactions were being processed.
SE_ERR_DDEFAIL The DDE transaction failed.
SE_ERR_DDETIMEOUT The DDE transaction could not be completed because the request timed out.
SE_ERR_DLLNOTFOUND The specified dynamic-link library was not found.
SE_ERR_FNF The specified file was not found.
SE_ERR_NOASSOC There is no application associated with the given filename extension.
SE_ERR_OOM There was not enough memory to complete the operation.
SE_ERR_PNF The specified path was not found.
SE_ERR_SHARE A sharing violation occurred.
The file specified by the lpFile parameter can be a document file or an executable file. If the file is a document file, the ShellExecute function opens or prints it, depending on the value of the lpOperation parameter.
If the file is an executable file, the ShellExecute function opens it, even if lpOperation specifies printing.
You can use ShellExecute to open or explore a shell folder. To open a folder, use either of the following calls:
ShellExecute(handle, NULL, path_to_folder, NULL, NULL, SW_SHOWNORMAL);
ShellExecute(handle, "open", path_to_folder, NULL, NULL, SW_SHOWNORMAL);
To explore a folder, use the following call:
ShellExecute(handle, "explore", path_to_folder, NULL, NULL, SW_SHOWNORMAL);
If lpOperation is NULL, the function opens the file specified by lpFile. If lpOperation is "open" or "explore", the function will force an open window or explorer.
you can query the Path within the Registry: "HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\App Paths\Winword.exe". Value's name: Path, type String.
With ShellExecute you may have another program started than winword (e.g. the winword-viewer, OpenOffice..., just the program that is connected with the document type.
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